Varicose veins are large, usually 4 to 5 millimeters in diameter, and tend to protrude above the surface of the skin. They are blue in color, taking their coloration from the deoxygenated blood that has pooled in them. They are usually soft and spongy to the touch. Varicose veins are often accompanied by unpleasant symptoms such as swelling, pain, chronic weakness or tiredness, skin changes, and ulceration.
Spider veins tend to be smaller, usually less than 1 millimeter in diameter, so unless they are clustered together, they are less easily seen than varicose veins. They are red or purple in color and appear on the legs, neck, behind the knee, and in other areas of the body in web-like clusters (thus the name) or in “nests” that resemble a bruise.
Both conditions are caused by “backflow” known as reflux medically which means that blood is reversed in these vessels instead of flowing to the heart and lungs as it should. Spider veins usually don’t cause the pain and symptoms associated with varicose veins, so treatment of them is often considered cosmetic. However, symptoms can occur from spider veins, especially if they appear in the same location as varicose veins. In some cases, proper treatment of larger varicose veins must also include treatment of nearby spider veins, because a single medical pathology is creating both conditions.
Both conditions can be eliminated through ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy, endovenous laser or radiofrequency ablation, or the use of newer techniques such as Venaseal™ “medical super glue.” All of these procedures are minimally invasive and are performed on an outpatient basis in the comfort one of our offices. They require less than 30 minutes time and involve no time away from work or “recovery time,” because the treatments are so gentle there’s nothing to recover from.
So if you have noticed either spider veins or varicose veins, have them checked at The Vein Institute. Just give us a call at our offices at 1300 535 017 to set up an appointment for a personalised assessment.