Varicose veins during pregnancy are quite common. In fact, up to half of pregnant women will get varicose veins and they tend to intensify with each subsequent pregnancy. The condition is often hereditary — if your mother or father had them it’s possible you may experience them too.
The prevalence of varicose veins in pregnancy is due to three physiological changes: Increase in blood volume to help your baby grow; your uterus causing pressure on the inferior vena cava; and a surge of pregnancy hormones that make vein walls less rigid and capable of functioning properly. These factors combined can cause the blood in your leg veins to pool, leading to the formation of varicose veins.
How to prevent varicose veins during pregnancy
Even with family history of varicose veins during pregnancy, there are preventative measures you can take to lessen your chances of developing them:
- Stay active – With a growing belly it can be harder to move around, especially in your third trimester. You may feel tired or less energetic throughout the day. But it’s very important to exercise regularly to ensure proper blood circulation, particularly by moving the muscles that help pump the blood out of your legs.
- Stay within your recommended weight – Increased weight puts more pressure on your veins. You may not be able to control all the causes of varicose veins, such as hormone fluctuations and your blood volume, but you can control weight gain. Work with your obstetrician to determine a healthy weight range for your pregnancy.
- Avoid prolonged standing and sitting – If your occupation requires you to stand or sit for long periods of time make sure to take breaks so you can sit down and put your feet up. Sleep with your legs elevated using pillows to assist with circulation and to help the blood drain out of your leg veins.
Managing varicose veins while you’re pregnant
Remember, even if you do everything right you can still get varicose veins during pregnancy. There may be some overlap in prevention and management strategies for varicose veins as many of the things you can do to prevent them will also help relieve the symptoms. Here are some additional suggestions for dealing with the discomfort or pain associated with leg veins:
- Wear compression tights for varicose veins during pregnancy – These are special support hose that apply gentle but firm pressure on your leg muscles, forcing the blood to flow towards the heart. Keep in mind that these are not the same as regular pantyhose as support garments are designed to exert pressure progressively down the leg, with most compression concentrated at the ankle.
- Sleep on your left side – This takes the pressure off your inferior vena cava which is located on the right side of your body.
- Avoid activities that place undue pressure on your veins – These include but are not limited to wearing high heels, crossing your legs while sitting and standing/sitting for long periods of time.
- Light exercise such as walking, stretching and a selection of yoga poses. If you keep moving, and keep your legs elevated you may feel some relief from your varicose vein symptoms. Here’s more on exercises and varicose veins.
Varicose veins most commonly occur on the legs; however, they can also affect the vulva or the anus (these are called hemorrhoids). In majority of women varicose veins are harmless, a condition that’s considered more cosmetic than dangerous. But for some they can become extremely uncomfortable, painful even, and in rare cases they can rupture and bleed.
Do varicose veins go away after pregnancy?
The good news is for most women varicose veins will resolve on their own after several months post-partum. In some cases, it can take up to a year. For a small percentage of women, however, varicose veins will not shrink or disappear after pregnancy and may require medical treatment.
Seek expert advice
The doctors at The Vein Institute specialise in varicose vein treatment. We offer patients a comprehensive treatment program to treat varicose veins, with non-surgical laser treatment techniques. The benefits of laser treatment to patients are;
- Walk-in walk-out treatment
- 98% success rate
- Extremely effective
- Can be performed at a clinic (no hospitalisation)
- No general anaesthetic
- Medicare rebates apply
- No downtime or time away from work
To book a consultation and discuss our treatment program, call 1300 981 402